During the 20th century, many members of the Kennedy family have played major parts in U.S. politics, public service, and business. Between 1947 and 2011, tt least one Kennedy family member held federal elective office each year, as well as from 2013 onwards; in other words, the family has been politically prominent for more than a quarter of the existence of the country. Three out of four of Joseph, Sr. and Rose Kennedy’s sons served as Senator at some point and later ran for president.
Patrick Kennedy and Bridget Murphy were the first of the Kennedys to settle down in the U.S. They originally came from East Boston, Ireland, but left their home in 1849 for America. Eventually, P.J. Kennedy—Patrick and Bridget’s son—entered Massachusetts politics and business, while the wife of P.J.’s brother, Charles M. Hickey, attained the role of mayor of Brockton in Massachusetts in 1913.
P.J. had one son together with Mary Hickey, named Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. He would grow up to become a businessman and politician, as well as the first Kennedy to achieve national prominence. He gathered a fortune in banking and securities trading, which he expanded even further through large investments in other growing industries. Joseph Sr. was appointed the first chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission under the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Around the same time, he also directed the Maritime Commission and served a term as Ambassador to the United Kingdom—although controversial—just prior to World War II.
Joseph Sr. was married to Rose Fitzgerald, the father of whom (John F. Fitzgerald) served as a state senator from 1892 to 1894, was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1895 to 1901 and 1919, as well as the mayor of Boston from 1906 to 1908 and 1910 to 1914.
Rose Fitzgerald and Joseph Sr. had a total of nine children, named Joseph Jr., John, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, Patricia, Robert, Jean, and Ted. John would become the President of the United States, while Robert and Ted both served as senators. Each member of the Kennedy family who has held elective office has done so as a Democrat, and those who never held elective office have all worked for the Democratic Party in some way, or held Cabinet posts under Democratic administrations. Multiple Kennedys attended Harvard University, and the family has made huge contributions to the John F. Kennedy School of Government of said University.
Joseph Sr. had his hopes set on Joseph Jr., their eldest son, to become a politician and, eventually, President. However, Joseph Jr. died in World War II, and Joseph, Sr.’s hopes instead rested on the shoulders of his second son, John. John served in the U.S. House of Representatives for six years after returning from military service in 1947, and later, he also served as the junior Senator from Massachusetts until, in 1960, he became President. John appointed his younger brother Robert as Attorney General and, around the same time, his brother Ted was elected to the Senate in 1962. The family received massive publicity throughout John’s presidency, often emphasizing the relative youth, allure, education, and future in politics of the Kennedy brothers.
Today, the so-called “Kennedy curse” is a relatively well-known phenomenon, acknowledging the many tragedies suffered by the family in the present day. These include instances such as Rosemary undergoing a lobotomy which left her incapacitated; John and Robert being assassinated in the ‘60s; Ted being involved in the Chappaquiddick incident in 1969, which killed his assistant, Mary Jo Kopechne; as well as Joseph Jr., Kathleen and John Jr. dying in airplane crashes.
Kennedy left Ireland at the age of 26, knowing that a third-born son had almost no hope of running his family’s farm. Patrick Barron, a good friend of his at Cherry Bros. Brewery in New Ross, taught Kennedy the skills of coopering and had reached that conclusion a few months earlier and sailed off to America. Patrick Kennedy followed in October 1848.
Kennedy arrived on April 22, 1849, in Boston, having sailed from Liverpool on the Washington Irving from the East Boston yard of Donald McKay. He was helped by Patrick Barron with settling down in Boston, and Barron also organized his coopering job on Noddle’s Island (known today as East Boston.) Barron’s cousin Bridget Murphy married Kennedy in the Holy Redeemer Church by Father John Williams not long after. Father Williams would later become Boston’s Roman Catholic Archbishop.
Patrick Kennedy died from cholera at the age of 35, on November 22, 1858, ten years after arriving in America and 105 years before the assassination of John F. Kennedy, his great-grandson.
Patrick and Bridget had five children.
- Patrick Kennedy was born on 16 February 1823 and married Bridget Murphy on 26 September 1849
- Patrick Kennedy left England on 20 March 1849 and arrived in America on 22 April 1849
- Patrick’s daughter Mary L. Kennedy was born on 6 August 1851 and married on 1 January 1883
- Patrick’s daughter Joanna L. Kennedy was born on 27 November 1852 and married on 22 September 1872
- Patrick’s son John Kennedy III was born on 4 January 1854
- Patrick’s daughter Margaret M. Kennedy was born on 18 July 1855 and married on February 21, 1882
- Patrick’s son Patrick Joseph “P. J.” Kennedy was born on 14 January 1858 and married on 23 November 1887
P.J. Kennedy’s was of a family of Irish immigrants, which after two outbreaks of cholera, left him the only surviving male. He began working when he was 14 years old as a stevedore in the docks and owned three saloons, one whiskey import house, and, eventually, he had major interests in coal and banking as well. He later entered the world of politics as a sociable man who mixed comfortably with both the Irish and the Protestant elite, and he sat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as well as the Massachusetts Senate. He had a special talent for the behind-the-scenes machinations that Boston politics became so well-known for.
He married Mary Augusta Hickey, daughter of James Hickey and Margaret Martha Field. They had four children.
- P.J. Kennedy was born on 14 January 1858 and married Mary Augusta Hickey on 23 November 1887
- Mary Augusta Hickey was born on 6 December 1857
- P.J.’s son Joseph Patrick “Joe” Kennedy was born on 6 September 1888 and married on 7 October 1914
- P.J.’s son Francis Benedict Kennedy was born on 11 March 1891
- P.J.’s daughter Mary Loretta Kennedy was born on 6 August 1892 and married on October 12, 1927
- P.J.’s daughter Margaret Louise Kennedy was born on 22 October 1898 and married on June 14, 1924
Joe Kennedy Sr. and his children
Joseph Sr. was the leading force in the Kennedys’ rise to power and eminence. He was born in East Boston, Massachusetts, and built a career in business and investing, starting with a large fortune as a stock market and commodity investor and later gaining a vast amount of profits by investing in real estate and a range of business industries in the U.S. During the first World War, Kennedy was an assistant general manager of a Boston-area Bethlehem Steel shipyard, and it was through this he made friends with Franklin D. Roosevelt, who, at the time, was the Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Kennedy made big profits in the 1920’s from reorganizing and financing multiple Hollywood studios, ultimately combining many acquisitions into Radio-Keith-Orpheum (RKO) studios.
Following the end of Prohibition in 1933, Kennedy fortified an even more impressive fortune, travelling to Scotland with James Roosevelt, the son of the President at the time, to negotiate contracts for distribution rights for Scotch whiskey. Somerset Importers—Kennedy’s company—ended up being Gordon’s Gin and Dewar’s Scotch’s sole American agent. Kennedy also bought spirits-importation rights from the Canadian firm Schenley Industries. He owned the biggest office building in the country, Chicago’s Merchandise Mart, effectively creating an important base in that city for the Kennedy family, and becoming allies with the Irish-American political leadership there.
His term as ambassador and his political ambitions came to a sudden end at the Battle of Britain in November 1940, after which many of his more controversial comments were published, which suggested that “Democracy is finished in England. It may be here, [in the US].” Soon after, Kennedy was forced to resign, however, he would continue to pull the strings behind the scenes, in order to keep building the financial and political fortunes of his family. Kennedy suffered a stroke in 1961 which disabled him; he developed aphasia and became speech-impaired, but overall, was still mentally intact. He would be wheelchair-bound until his death in 1969.
Joseph Sr. married Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald, the eldest daughter of Boston Mayor John F. “Honey Fitz” Fitzgerald (political rival of P. J.) and Mary Josephine “Josie” Hannon. The marriage joined two of the city’s most prominent political families. The couple had nine children.
- Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. was born on 6 September 1888 and married Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald on 7 October 1914
- Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald was born on 22 July 1890
- Joe’s son Joseph Patrick Kennedy Jr. was born on 25 July 1915
- Joe’s son John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on 29 May 1917 and married on 12 September 1953
- Joe’s daughter Rose Marie Kennedy was born on 13 September 1918
- Joe’s daughter Kathleen Agnes Kennedy was born on 20 February 1920 and married on 6 May 1944
- Joe’s daughter Eunice Mar Kennedy was born on 10 July 1921 and married on 23 May 1953
- Joe’s daughter Patricia Helen Kennedy was born on 6 May 1924 and married on 24 April 1954
- Joe’s son Robert Francis Kennedy was born on 20 November 1925 and married on 17 June 1950
- Joe’s daughter Jean Ann Kennedy was born on 20 February 1928 and married on 19 May 1956
- Joe’s son Edward Moore Kennedy was born on 22 February 1932 and married on 29 November 1958; divorced on 6 December 1982, and remarried on 3 July 1992
Notable people in Joseph Kennedy Sr.’s life
Kennedy opted to participate in war-time production despite his skepticism toward the U.S. involvement in the war; he became an assistant general manager of a Bethlehem Steel shipyard located in Quincy, Massachusetts, where he supervised the transport- and warship production. It was through this important job that brought him into contact with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
Kennedy’s supporting of Roosevelt’s run for the presidency in 1932 would be his first major involvement in a national political campaign; he provided the campaign with large quantities of capital through donations, loans and so on. For this, Roosevelt felt the need to reward Kennedy.
The independent Securities and Exchange Commission was established by Congress in 1934, aiming to end reckless market manipulations and distribution of false information about securities. The SEC remains one of the strongest of all government agencies even today. The predecessor to SEC had proven futile in 1933 and 1934 as part of another agency and the financial market was on its deathbed. Now, Roosevelt saw the opportunity to repay Kennedy, naming him the head of the SEC in order to have a highly knowledgeable pro clean up Wall Street. Many talented young lawyers in America were attracted by The New Deal, and Kennedy established an efficient team focused on reform.
Kennedy is estimated to have gained over $5 million—which would translate to a contemporary value of $65.7 million—through his investments in Hollywood. He financed plenty of Gloria Swanson’s movies, as the two were having a love-affair at the time, including Queen Kelly from 1928 and The Love of Sunya from 1927. Masseuse Sylvia of Hollywood, or, Hollywood’s famous “body sculptor”, was also used by the two. However, the two decided to put an end to their relationship after Swanson noticed that an expensive gift from Joseph had been charged to her account, and questions regarding this were raised.
There is a common rumour about Kennedy earning huge profits through bootlegging: illegal importation and spreading of alcohol during the Prohibition. However, there was no hard evidence to support the claim, but, on the other hand, Kennedy had a lot of investments in the legal importation of spirits post-Prohibition. It’s possible that the rumour derives from Samuel Bronfman, a Canadian distiller, as well as bootlegger from New England Danny Walsh and his crime syndicate, who have been confirmed to smuggle spirits across the Canadian-American border during the Prohibition. After the Prohibition had ended, Bronfman and Kennedy became bitter rivals over North American liquor distribution rights.
Father Charles Coughlin was an Irish-Canadian priest, famous for becoming the foremost spokesman on political and financial issues among Roman Catholics in the 1930s. His weekly radio audience consisted of several million listeners.
Coughlin strongly supported Roosevelt’s campaign in 1932, but clashed with him in -34, as Roosevelt disapproved of Coughlin’s far-right, anti-Semitic, anti-Federal Reserve, anti-communist and isolationist views, exhibited in his radio shows. Here, Kennedy entered the picture, as Roosevelt sent him and several other distinguished Irish Catholics in an attempt to tone down Coughlin’s extreme statements. In 1935, Coughlin would take the side of Huey Long, followed by that of William Lemke’s Union Party in 1936. Kennedy, on the other hand, was a firm supporter of the New Deal, which Father Coughlin believed did not go far enough. He even stated that Roosevelt was “a tool of the rich.” It wasn’t any later than 1933 that Kennedy claimed to believe that Coughlin was “becoming a very dangerous proposition” in the role of Roosevelt’s rival, and “an out and out demagogue”. Kennedy worked to put a complete stop to Coughlin in 1936 together with Roosevelt, Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (who would later be known as Pope Pius XII) and Bishop Francis Spellman. Even as Coughlin returned to the air in 1940, Kennedy kept his attempts at stopping Coughlin’s influence on Irish Americans.
Charles Lindbergh was a friend of Kennedy’s and worked for the America First Committee as an anti-war spokesman.
Kennedy met the German ambassador in the United Kingdom, Herbert von Dirksen, on June 13, 1938. When Dirksen returned to Berlin, he alleged that Kennedy had agreed with him on the Jewish policy in Germany, stating: “it was not so much the fact that we want to get rid of the Jews that was so harmful to us, but rather the loud clamor with which we accompanied this purpose. [Kennedy] himself fully understood our Jewish policy.” What concerned Kennedy the most with the forceful acts against German Jews, such as Kristallnacht, was the bad publicity they brought on in the West for the Nazi regime. He wrote as such in a letter to Charles Lindbergh.
Descendants of Joe Kennedy Sr.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier had three children:
- Caroline Bouvier Kennedy was born on 27 November 1957 and married on 19 July 1986
- John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. was born on 25 November 1960 and married on 21 September 1996
- Patrick Bouvier Kennedy was born on 7 August 1963
Eunice Mary Kennedy and Robert Sargent Shriver Jr. had five children:
- Robert Sargent Shriver III was born on 28 April 1954 and married on 7 May 2005
- Maria Owings Shriver was born on 6 November 1955 and married on 26 April 1986
- Timothy Perry Shriver was born on 29 August 1959 and married on 31 May 1986
- Mark Kennedy Shriver was born on 17 February 1964 and married on 26 June 1992
- Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver was born on 20 July 1965 and married on 2 July 1993
Robert Francis Kennedy and Ethel Skakel had eleven children:
- Kathleen Hartington Kennedy was born on 4 July 1951 and married on 17 November 1973
- Joseph Patrick Kennedy II was born on 24 September 1952 and married on 3 February 1979 and on 23 October 1993
- Robert Francis Kennedy Jr. was born on 17 January 1954 and married on 3 April 1982, on 15 April 1994 and on 2 August 2014
- David Anthony Kennedy was born on 15 June 1955
- Mary Courtney Kennedy was born on 9 September 1956 and married on 14 June 1980 and on 26 June 1993
- Michael LeMoyne Kennedy was born on 27 February 1958 and married on 14 March 1981
- Mary Kerry Kennedy was born on 8 September 1959 and married on 9 June 1990
- Christopher George Kennedy was born on 4 July 1963 and married on 16 August 1987
- Matthew Maxwell Taylor Kennedy was born on 11 January 1965 and married on 13 July 1991
- Douglas Harriman Kennedy was born on 24 March 1967 and married on 22 August 1998
- Rory Elizabeth Katherine Kennedy was born on 12 December 1968 and married on 2 August 1999
Edward Moore Kennedy and Virginia Joan Bennett had three children:
- Kara Ann Kennedy was born on 27 February 1960 and married on 9 September 1990
- Edward Moore Kennedy Jr. was born on 26 September 1961 and married on 10 October 1993
- Patrick Joseph Kennedy II was born on 14 July 1967 and married on 15 July 2011
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States. On November 22, 1963, he was riding in a motorcade in Dallas’ Dealey Plaza when, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time, Lee Harvey Oswald shot and killed Kennedy. John F. Kennedy was traveling in a presidential motorcade with his wife, Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally’s wife, Nellie. It was concluded by the Warren Commission, after an investigation of ten months—from November 1963 to September 1964—that Oswald acted alone in shooting Kennedy, and that Jack Ruby, who subsequently killed Oswald, also acted alone. Kennedy was the fourth and as of today the last president to have been assassinated, following Lincoln, Garfield, and McKinley. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson became President after the death of John F. Kennedy, taking the constitutionally prescribed oath of office just before his departure for Washington, D.C., onboard Air Force One at Dallas Love Field.
Lee Harvey Oswald was a former U.S. Marine. His murder of Kennedy was established after four Federal government investigations and one municipal investigation.
After losing his position in the Marine Corps, Oswald left for the Soviet Union in October 1959. He lived in Minsk, the capital of contemporary Belarus, up until June 1962, when he returned to America and settled in Dallas together with Marina, a Russian woman he had met and married during his stay in the Soviet Union.
The two met at a dance on March 17, 1961. Six weeks later they got married and eventually had a daughter named June Lee, on February 15, 1962. The three emigrated to the Dallas, Texas, United States in June that same year.
Abraham Zapruder was an American clothing manufacturer who witnessed the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. He unexpectedly captured the event in a home movie while filming the presidential limousine and motorcade as it traveled through Dealey Plaza. Zapruder’s film captured the fatal head shot that struck President Kennedy as his limousine passed almost directly in front of Zapruder and Sitzman’s position, 65 feet (20 m) from the center of Elm Street.
On July 18, 1969, the incident later coined as “The Chappaquiddick incident” took place; a single-vehicle car accident on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, considered to be caused by U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy’s negligence, which killed in his 28-year-old companion, Mary Jo Kopechne, as she was trapped inside the vehicle.
Kopechne had attended a party earlier that night, on Chappaquiddick Island, off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts. The party was to honour the “Boiler Room Girls,” and was the Robert F. Kennedy campaign workers’ fourth such reunion. Ted Kennedy—the brother of Robert F. Kennedy—was present at the party, but Kopechne didn’t know him well. According to Ted Kennedy, he offered Kopechne to drive her to catch the last ferry back to Edgartown, where Kopechne was staying, and the two are said to have left the celebration at 11:15 P.M. Kopechne’s friends were unaware that she was leaving, and she also left her purse and keys behind. Kennedy drove a 1967 Oldsmobile Delmont 88 and went off a narrow bridge that lacked both streetlights and guardrails, and was not in the direction of Edgartown. Below was the Pocha Pond, which The Oldsmobile landed and overturned in. Kennedy himself managed to climb out of the vehicle and survive, but Kopechne was stuck and died, just eight days before she was to turn 29.
Kennedy himself has stated that he drove his car off the one-lane bridge by accident and crashed into a tidal channel. He allegedly got out and swam to shore, left, and didn’t report the incident to authorities until ten hours later, all the while Kopechne drowned in the car. Kopechne’s body was found inside the car the following day by divers. Ted Kennedy admitted himself guilty to a charge of leaving the scene of a crash causing personal injury and he received a sentence of two months in jail.
The Chappaquiddick incident became a national scandal of the 1970s and is probable to have been the reason why Kennedy decided not to run for President in 1972 and 1976.
Analysis of the aspects
Out of total 48 heliohoroscope charts there are 21 transit charts and 27 composite charts.
An aspect of reunion is present in 37 charts.
Among the most interesting charts are the composite charts for Joseph Kennedy Sr. and important people in his life. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Gloria Swanson and Samuel Bronfman (a business partner, a mistress and a rival, correspondingly) all have an aspect of line with Kennedy including his Venus and Mercury and their Mars.
Another interesting case is Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and his first wife, Emily Black. They have a Venus union in their composite chart and when they divorced they both had a transiting Venus reunion!
John F. Kennedy had an exact Venus reunion on the day of his assassination and that same transit Venus made an exact solar line to natal Mars in Lee Harvey Oswald’s chart, and an exact solar line to natal Earth in Lyndon B. Johnson’s chart! Also of notice is the exact Mercury reunion in Abraham Zapruder’s chart. Although Mercury has the shortest orbital period (its reunion occurring about every 89 days), due to its elliptical orbit, getting a reunion in the exactly same distance from the Sun is a very rare event.
The Earth reunion in Mary Kopechne’s chart seem to relate not to her fatal accident, but to the event at which she was present on that day, a reunion of the campaign workers.